Welcome back to our garden series – starting from the basics. Today we will talk about seed germination and in this case “Dos, for optimal seed germination”. For seed germination to take place, the basic needs are moisture, oxygen and a favorable temperature. However, the presence or absence of light influences dormancy of seeds.

Moisture provided should be in a liquid state not vapor (because the seed cannot absorb high amounts of water vapor to keep moisture contents high enough to support the entire germination process. The moisture is usually introduced to the media (eg. Soil, paper, fiber, etc.) in or on which the seeds are planted.

Oxygen is needed for execution of many respiratory activities to supply energy to support germination. Oxygen is naturally abundant and so all things being equal is readily available. Depending on the media of choice, oxygen supply can be limited to the seeds. When the media of choice does not have adequate pores to allow for oxygen movement to the seeds, germination may not occur. E.g. When there is excessive moisture in the soil or media of choice, it can displace oxygen in the pore spaces, thereby reducing the required oxygen threshold for germination. A few kinds of plants such as rice and other aquatic plants can germinate submerged in water, a situation that highly eliminate oxygen.

Favorable temperature is another influential element in seed germination. Some seeds require cool temperatures, while others require warm temperatures and or alternating temperature.

Light/darkness is an environmental factor that can act as a trigger to move seeds out of dormancy for germination to happen. The effect of this factor is seen in some seeds but not all.

depict germination
When there is moisture,oxygen and a favourable temperature with consideration of the various triggers to move the seeds from dormancy, germination occurs.

Knowing these basics about germination, let’s go over our top “15 Dos for Optimal Germination”.

Dos for Optimal Germination

1. Use seedling tray, plastic pots or disposable cups for nursing. Seedling trays available here

2. Clean old seedling trays or containers and garden tools properly (using vinegar solution or 10% bleach to nine parts water mix), rinsing and drying before use.

3. Preferably, use containers with drainage holes during nursery. You can also use a sharp object to create your own holes, if none exists. this helps to drain excess water from the containers.

https://thegreenspacegh.com/product-category/seeds/4. Use a good soil mixture, light and fluffy to nurse your seeds. For a soil mix recipe, read our previous article on soil management.

5. Get treated seeds from trusted sources that you can engage and get assistance from, should you need it.

6. Use warmth hardy seed varieties when growing in a warm climate.

7. After sowing seeds, cover containers temporarily to maintain high humidity, if you have dehydration problems and your soil lacks adequate organic matter.

8. Water newly sown seeds (on the ground or in containers) carefully to avoid seeds floating away.

9.  Water seeds with clean water.

10. Take advantage of the weather and nurse outdoors if you are in a warm climate

11. Consider temperature requirements of seeds before sowing.

12. Keep leftover seeds in moisture proof bags and store in the fridge to preserve them.

13. Study the reaction of various vegetables to light and darkness to know their dormancy    stimulators. 

14. Label seeds to better identify them.

15. Take note of your sowing date and germination dates to calculate life cycle and success.


Which of these tips is your top 2? Let us know in the comments.

Do you have any special techniques for optimal seed germination, let us know in the comments below.

Thank you for staying tune this far and enjoy this gardening season.

Contact us at +233504935812 for assistance in all things gardening.

Happy gardening!!

2 thoughts on “Dos for Optimal Seed Germination”

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *